March is also Women’s History Month, so we wanted to highlight inspiring Native American women, both past and present, who have made an impact in the world around them. The historical significance of Native American women is one of beauty and power.The source of life
Traditionally, American Indian women played an essential role in their tribal communities. In fact, in most cases, the women were not only in charge of the more traditional matriarchal roles within the tribe, but were also in charge of gathering materials and then building the homes for everyone. This is an astonishing achievement, particularly for the women of their time. The men honored the women for being the source of life and for providing a feeling of fortitude, balance, and harmony to their lives.
In Native cultures and tribes, men's and women's responsibilities were equally crucial to the functioning, even the survival, of their societies. Consequently, both men and women were respected for doing their jobs well. Women were held in high esteem for their craft work, and they were revered for their important role in the healing practices.
The women of the past
Recently, Native Hope shared Sara Kettler’s article 5 Powerful and Influential Native American Women which highlights the lives of female ground-breakers from the late 1700s and early 1800s. These women fought the European colonial stigma that women, nor matter what the race, were subservient to men.
- Nanye-hi, a Cherokee, proved that women are equipped to be apt warriors and diplomats. She led the Cherokee people to success in battle over the colonists, sat on the Council of Chiefs, and fought for her land until she died in 1822.
- Sacagawea, a Shoshone, provided the Lewis and Clark Expedition with much more than translation—her presence meant success. She negotiated with tribes, located medicinal plants, foraged food, and much more.
- Sarah Winnemucca, a Northern Paiute, learned several languages including English and Spanish, which made her a valuable interpreter and advocate for her people.
- Lozen, an Apache, fought alongside her male counterparts: Victorio and Geronimo. Although she died in imprisonment, Lozen was known for her cunning and bravery.
- The Susan La Flesche, an Omaha, became the first female Native American physician in the United States. She was a champion for improving healthcare for her people and other Native tribes.
While these women accomplished amazing feats in their time, things became increasingly more difficult for Native women in the following decades. The colonization of America robbed tribes of their matriarchal ideologies as Native women were painted as "slaves" to the men in their societies.
The changing tide
Throughout the passing generations, the role of Native American women became blurred. This is a result of the struggles prevalent on reservations today, the direct trauma of colonization, and the dismantling of their culture. As we look back at the history of Native women, rarely do we link the past wrongdoings of the colonists to the present strive of the people. The revitalization of culture by historians, activists, and scholars is rectifying this discrimination. They are restoring dignity by teaching the history and triumphs of Native women.
The rise of dignity
Dignity of Earth and Sky, a 50-foot stainless steel statue, is a testament to this changing tide. The statue depicts of a Lakóta wíyan (woman) draped in a star quilt, overlooking the Missouri River in Chamberlain, South Dakota. Dale Lamphere, the artist laureate of South Dakota who designed and created Dignity, states, “Dignity represents the courage, perseverance and wisdom of the Lakota and Dakota culture in South Dakota. My hope is that the sculpture might serve as a symbol of respect and promise for the future.”
Lamphere spent years researching the project and says, "I'm humbled and so grateful to have this chance to contribute to the future landscape of South Dakota and the Great Plains."
State Senator Troy Heinert of Mission, South Dakota, a member of the Rosebud Sioux Tribe, states, "I believe that she was sent here to open our hearts and our minds. Her outstretched arms are inviting us into her blanket where we can learn from each other, acknowledge our differences, and celebrate our similarities."
The heroes of today
Today, Native women across Indian Country are speaking up to earn dignity and respect. Deb Haaland, Laguna Pueblo and U.S. Congresswoman; Sharice Davids, Ho-Chunk and U.S. Congresswoman, and Ashley Callingbull-Burnham, Cree First Nations and Mrs Universe 2015, are among those leading the charge for the women of Indian Country.
Every community has powerful women seeking change. They are empowering youth and others to embrace their identities and follow their dreams. Native Hope supports their efforts and voices.
Learn more about the women working to dismantle barriers for their communities.